IntroductionInnogen and Forum staff took part in the 4th International Meeting on Synthetic Biology.
Jane Calvert and Peter Robbins (Innogen) and Emma Frow (Genomics Forum) took part in SB4.0 from 10 - 12 October in Hong Kong. The meeting was attended by over 600 scientists and engineers, together with policy, industry and NGO representatives, and an impressive number of social scientists.
On the final day of the conference, the EGN delegation ran a session on ‘genome engineering futures.’ A lively and discussion-oriented session involving poster boards and Post-It notes, the aim was to consider some of the ‘causes & consequences’ of possible future developments in synthetic biology. In doing so, the group was able to identify and explore some of the perceived connections between different actors, policies and socioeconomic factors in the development of synthetic biology as a field.
On the basis of this pilot run, Jane, Peter and Emma plan to host a number of similar sessions with small groups of synthetic biologists — hopefully in time to present the findings at SB5.0 next year!
Session Abstract: Genome Engineering Futures and the Role of the Synthetic Biologist
Much of the debate surrounding the public, regulatory, IP, funding, security and ethical aspects of synthetic biology has been based on speculation about uncertain futures. This is likely to change as applications begin to emerge, but much still remains unknown. As has been seen in debates over GM crops and stem cells, interest groups and politics can play a central role in how these futures are played out, which can in turn shape scientific and technological pathways of innovation. Synthetic biologists have an important role to play in helping to influence outcomes, and it is crucial that their views and actions inform the emerging agenda.
The purpose of this discussion-based workshop is to develop a number of possible future scenarios for synthetic biology. We will propose several starting points, relating for example to costs of DNA synthesis, public attitudes, regulatory environments, biosafety and security, and intellectual property regimes. The focus will be on exploring interactions between factors — ethics and regulation, open source and commercial dynamics, biosecurity and militarization — and how these may affect innovation pathways. The outcomes of the workshop will be fed back to the synthetic biology community, and will ideally help to inform policy formation, as well as social science publications on synthetic biology innovation. The underlying analytical concept guiding the social science work emphasizes the ‘reflexivity’ of synthetic biologists. This highlights the active role that they play in shaping social as well as technological genome engineering futures.